Agenda 21 Chapter 3 - Combating Poverty

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Posted by kelphead on July 10, 2001 at 18:28:03:

In Reply to: Re: Kelphead, how extensively have you travelled the planet? posted by kelphead on July 08, 2001 at 00:57:21:

taken from:

This is a final, advanced version of a chapter of
Agenda 21, as adopted by the Plenary in Rio de
Janeiro, on June 14, 1992. This document will be
further edited, translated into the official
languages, and published by the United Nations
for the General Assembly this autumn.


Enabling the poor to achieve sustainable livelihoods

Basis for action

3.1. Poverty is a complex multidimensional problem with origins in both the
national and international domains. No uniform solution can be found for global
application. Rather, country-specific programmes to tackle poverty and
international efforts supporting national efforts, as well as the parallel process of
creating a supportive international environment, are crucial for a solution to this
problem. The eradication of poverty and hunger, greater equity in income
distribution and human resource development remain major challenges
everywhere. The struggle against poverty is the shared responsibility of all

3.2. While managing resources sustainably, an environmental policy that focuses
mainly on the conservation and protection of resources must take due account of
those who depend on the resources for their livelihoods. Otherwise it could have
an adverse impact both on poverty and on chances for long-term success in
resource and environmental conservation. Equally, a development policy that
focuses mainly on increasing the production of goods without addressing the
sustainability of the resources on which production is based will sooner or later
run into declining productivity, which could also have an adverse impact on
poverty. A specific anti-poverty strategy is therefore one of the basic conditions for
ensuring sustainable development. An effective strategy for tackling the problems
of poverty, development and environment simultaneously should begin by
focusing on resources, production and people and should cover demographic
issues, enhanced health care and education, the rights of women, the role of
youth and of indigenous people and local communities and a democratic
participation process in association with improved governance.

3.3. Integral to such action is, together with international support, the promotion of
economic growth in developing countries that is both sustained and sustainable
and direct action in eradicating poverty by strengthening employment and
income-generating programmes.


3.4. The long-term objective of enabling all people to achieve sustainable
livelihoods should provide an integrating factor that allows policies to address
issues of development, sustainable resource management and poverty
eradication simultaneously. The objectives of this programme area are:

(a) To provide all persons urgently with the opportunity to earn a sustainable

(b) To implement policies and strategies that promote adequate levels of funding
and focus on integrated human development policies, including income
generation, increased local control of resources, local institution-strengthening
and capacity-building and greater involvement of non-governmental organizations
and local levels of government as delivery mechanisms;

(c) To develop for all poverty-stricken areas integrated strategies and
programmes of sound and sustainable management of the environment,
resource mobilization, poverty eradication and alleviation, employment and
income generation;

(d) To create a focus in national development plans and budgets on investment
in human capital, with special policies and programmes directed at rural areas,
the urban poor, women and children.


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